Big Bazaar

India’s First Hyper Market Retail Stores: Big bazaar

Big Bazaar is one of India’s most popular retail chains, renowned for its hypermarket stores selling everything under one roof at low prices. Owned by Future Group, it opened its first hypermarket in 2001 in Kolkata, revolutionizing shopping in India with the convenience of getting all needs met affordably under the same roof.

The First Store

Kolkata saw the first Big Bazaar outlet in 2001 spanning over 32,000 sq.ft which was the largest by any Indian retailer. Located in Salt Lake city center, it drew excited crowds of middle-class shoppers on opening day attracted by national TV campaigns announcing the launch of a global retail experience. Its format was inspired by Walmart and Carrefour but with innovations like bargaining allowed on selected items.

Goods and Services

The inauguration boasted over 170,000 products at discount across categories like groceries, vegetables, apparel, cosmetics, utensils, crockery, toys, luggage, home utilities etc. Services like alteration, home delivery and gift wrapping catered to customer convenience. The sheer scale and variety managed through electronic checkout and inventory management systems awed customers used to small-format kirana shops.

Value Proposition

International quality goods at local bazaar rates was proposed through advertising like ‘Is se sasta aur accha kahin nahi’. Large centralized purchases enabled competitive pricing unviable for smaller shops. Strategic lowering of margins let middle-income groups afford products otherwise considered luxuries for the Classes. Generous deals and combos made the Value for Money proposition hard to resist.



Big Bazaar pioneered several category innovations like ready-to-cook/eat meals, mini steel utensils, low-priced small appliances etc. suiting Indian requirements. Special sections like “Food Bazaar” brought organised grocery shopping closer to masses. Experimenting with global trends, it introduced shopping festival “Sabse Saste Din” with mega-discounting creating buying frenzy akin to Diwali sales seen abroad.


The inaugural success indicated appetite for scale among value shoppers. More stores opened through 2002-2006 across metros/mini-metros capturing prime real estate early at lower investments. Group synergies with other Future Group retail formats helped retail ecosystem building. Tier-2 penetration supported by logistics infrastructure improvement boosted national presence. Several product/service innovations like loyalty programs kept widening consumer appeal.

Impact on Indian Retail

Big Bazaar’s expanding scale showed traditional Indian retailers the potential profits of tapping Value-for-Money aspirations among the middle class through organized retail. Its appealing store layouts and merchandise inspired others prompting a retail makeover. Shopping beyond necessities gained acceptance by framing it as affordable indulgence through discounts and deals. Modernizing kirana store owners to adopt technology and upgrade customer service was also a by-product.

Current Status

20+ years since its entry, Big Bazaar today is India’s largest chain of hypermarkets with over 280 stores nationally covering 16+ million sq. ft retail space. It clocks over 500 million footfalls annually and contributes significantly to Future Group’s retail revenue. Expanding e-commerce operations have now taken its effective reach online across India’s towns and cities.

Big Bazaar brought global retail experiences in an Indian avatar accessible widely at the turn of the millennium when liberalization gains accumulated. Since the first store in Kolkata, it has achieved market leadership through consistent store expansion and catering to local consumer sentiments. Launching the first hypermarket stores in India, Big Bazaar took organized retail mainstream ushering consumption beyond utilities. Two decades hence, modern retail’s dominance has Big Bazaar’s pioneering efforts to thank setting the ball rolling.

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